The Power of Doing- Part two

Find Part One here

“…O My servants, it is but your deeds that I account for you, and then recompense you for. So he who finds good, let him praise Allah, and he who finds other than that, let him blame no one but himself.”

We know then that our deeds are a reason for a good end or a bad end. They are the reason for our receiving mercy and entrance to Gardens of Bliss, or they are a reason for torment. The responsibility to act is on us, yet we are not and never will we be able to perform enough deeds to “deserve” entrance in to Paradise. It is but a mercy from Allaah as His Messenger صلى الله عليه و سلم said in the narration by Abu Huraira:

I heard Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) saying, “The good deeds of any person will not make him enter Paradise.” (i.e., None can enter Paradise through his good deeds.) They (the Prophet’s companions) said, ‘Not even you, O Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)?’ He said, “Not even myself, unless Allah bestows His favour and mercy on me.” So be moderate in your religious deeds and do the deeds that are within your ability: and none of you should wish for death, for if he is a good doer, he may increase his good deeds, and if he is an evil doer, he may repent to Allah.” {Saheeh Al-Bukhari: 5673}

It is clear from both hadeeth therefore that it is upon us to ask for guidance and strive in worship but it is Allaah that guides and facilitates us to perform deeds of righteousness:

O My servants, all of you are astray except those whom I have guided, so seek guidance from Me and I shall guide you.

We can not fathom the mercy of Allaah upon His slaves. He is more merciful to us than our mothers; He admits to Paradise those who fulfill His Covenant though He is Free of need. Were He to wish that every one of us went to the Fire then it would not be an injustice as He is the Creator. He recompenses based on our deeds, whether good or bad therefore it is upon us to act:

“So whosoever does good equal to the weight of an atom (or a small ant), shall see it.

And whosoever does evil equal to the weight of an atom (or a small ant), shall see it.” {Surat Az-Zalzalah 99:7-8}

These actions, whether large or small, must be in accordance to the Shariah, based on the Qur’an and the Sunnah and they must be for the sake of Allaah alone. It is not enough that an action has a good intention, seeking the pleasure of Allaah and His reward, but it is an innovation that neither the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم did, nor his companions, nor the righteous predecessors. The one that commits such an act is making the claim that either he is more knowledgeable about a deed which gets one closer to Allaah than the Messenger صلى الله عليه و سلم or that there is an action which the Messenger صلى الله عليه سلم concealed and only the “special Awliya” are aware of these acts. Both premises are dismissed as ignorance as the Messenger صلى الله عليه و سلم said:

“If anyone introduces in our matter something which does not belong to it, will be rejected”. {Agreed Upon}

And he صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

“I am leaving you upon a (path of) brightness whose night is like its day. No one will deviate from it after I am gone but one who is doomed. Whoever among you lives will see great conflict. I urge you to adhere to what you know of my Sunnah and the path of the Rightly-Guided Caliphs, and cling stubbornly to it. And you must obey, even if (your leader is) an Abyssinian leader. For the true believer is like a camel with a ring in its nose; wherever it is driven, it complies.” {Sunan Ibn Maajah: Book 1 H:45}

There is, therefore, only one way of action that will lead to Paradise and that is the way of the Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم. Any action that does not comply with his Sunnah is rejected. In the same way, if an act is from the Sunnah but it is dedicated to other than Allaah, or used to seek nearness to other than Allaah then it is rejected. The act may be small but the Noble Angels are recording. The All-Mighty is Ever-Watching and All-Knowing. He knows the actions of the limbs and the actions of the heart. The power of doing an action, is that be it small or large, difficult or easy, it will all add up on the scales. Mountains, after all, are made up of small stones.

2016 - 1

We can not expect to follow our desires at every turn and neglect the obligations of Allaah upon us and expect that we will not be recompensed accordingly. It is as Ibn-ul Qayyim رحمه الله said:

“The intelligent person perceives forbidden things like a delicious food, which contain fatal poison. Whenever its pleasure arouses his interest, the reality of the poison would push him away from it. Also, he perceives the orders of Allaah as bitter medicine that leads to good health and recovery.” {Al-Fawaa’id (pg. 232 eng. trans)}

Let us not be deceived by the adornments of this worldly life. Let our actions reflect those of the righteous in order that we receive Mercy from The Merciful. We must remember that:

“The Paradise is surrounded by hardships and the Hell-Fire is surrounded by temptations.” {Saheeh Muslim: 2822}

We must remember that both are closer than we anticipate as the Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

 “Jannah is nearer to anyone of you than your shoe-lace, and so is the (Hell) Fire”. {Saheeh Al-Bukhari: 6488}

May Allaah make our deeds those of righteousness, our hearts the hearts of the Muttaqeen and may He facilitate us towards evil and protect us from evil. May His Salaah and Salaam be upon the Final Messenger, his family, his companions and all those that follow them in goodness until the Day of Resurrection.

 

Advertisements

“My Lord! Send me back!”

Allaah, the Most High, said:
“Until, when death comes to one of them (those who join partners with Allah), he says: ‘My Lord! Send me back,
So that I may do good in that which I have left behind!’ No! It is but a word that he speaks, and behind them is Barzakh (a barrier) until the Day when they will be resurrected.” [Surat Al Mu’minoon: 99-100]

Following is an extract of the Tafsir (exegesis) of Ibn Kathir (رحمه الله):

The Disbelievers’ hope when death approaches. Allaah tells us about what happens when death approaches.

(‘My Lord! Send me back, So that I may do good in that which I have left behind!’ No!) This is like the ayah:

(And spend (in charity) of that with which We have provided you, before death comes to one of you and he says: “My Lord! If only You would give me respite for a little while (i.e. return to the worldly life), then I should give Sadaqah (i.e. Zakat) of my wealth , and be among the righteous [i.e. perform Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah)].

And Allah grants respite to none when his appointed time (death) comes. And Allah is All-Aware of what you do.) [Surat Al-Munafiqoon: 10-11]

And:

(And warn (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم) mankind of the Day when the torment will come unto them; then the wrong-doers will say: “Our Lord! Respite us for a little while, we will answer Your Call and follow the Messengers!” (It will be said): “Had you not sworn aforetime that you would not leave (the world for the Hereafter).) [Surat Ibraheem: 44]

And His saying:

(Await they just for the final fulfillment of the event? On the Day the event is finally fulfilled (i.e. the Day of Resurrection), those who neglected it before will say: “Verily, the Messengers of our Lord did come with the truth, now are there any intercessors for us that they might intercede on our behalf? Or could we be sent back (to the first life of the world) so that we might do (good) deeds other than those (evil) deeds which we used to do?” Verily, they have lost their ownselves (i.e. destroyed themselves) and that which they used to fabricate (invoking and worshipping others besides Allah) has gone away from them.) [Surat Al-A’raf:53]

And:

(And if you only could see when the Mujrimun (criminals, disbelievers, polytheists, sinners, etc.) shall hang their heads before their Lord (saying): “Our Lord! We have now seen and heard, so send us back (to the world), we will do righteous good deeds. Verily! We now believe with certainty.”) [Surat As-Sajda: 12]

And:

(If you could but see when they will be held over the (Hell) Fire! They will say: “Would that we were but sent back (to the world)! Then we would not deny the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, revelations, etc.) of our Lord, and we would be of the believers!”

Nay, it has become manifest to them what they had been concealing before. But if they were returned (to the world), they would certainly revert to that which they were forbidden. And indeed they are liars.) [Surat Al-An’aam: 27-28]

And:

(And whomsoever Allah sends astray, for him there is no Wali (protector) after Him. And you will see the Zalimun (polytheists, wrong-doers, oppressors, etc.) when they behold the torment, they will say: “Is there any way of return (to the world)?”) [Surat Ah-Shura: 44]

And:

(They will say: “Our Lord! You have made us to die twice (i.e. we were dead in the loins of our fathers and dead after our deaths in this world), and You have given us life twice (i.e. life when we were born and life when we are Resurrected)! Now we confess our sins, then is there any way to get out (of the Fire)?”) [Surat Ghafir: 11]

And:

(Therein they will cry: “Our Lord! Bring us out, we shall do righteous good deeds, not (the evil deeds) that we used to do.” (Allah will reply): “Did We not give you lives long enough, so that whosoever would receive admonition, – could receive it? And the warner came to you. So taste you (the evil of your deeds). For the Zalimun (polytheists and wrongdoers, etc.) there is no helper.”) [Surat Fatir: 37]

Allah says that they will ask to go back, when death approaches, on the Day of Resurrection, when they are gathered for judgement before the Compeller (Allah) and when they are in the agonies of the punishment of Hell, but their prayer will not be answered. Here Allah says:

(No! It is but a word that he speaks)The word Kalla (No!) is a word that is used to rebuke, and the meaning is: “No, We will not respond to what he asks for and We will not accept it from him.”

(It is but a word that he speaks) refers to his asking to go back so that he can do righteous deeds; this is just talk on his part, it would not be accompanied by any action. If he were to go back, he would not do any righteous good deeds, he is merely lying, as Allah says:

(Nay, it has become manifest to them what they had been concealing before. But if they were returned (to the world), they would certainly revert to that which they were forbidden. And indeed they are liars.) [Surat Al-An’aam: 28]

Qatadah said: “By Allah, he will not wish to go back to his family and tribe, or to accumulate more of the things of this world or satisfy his desires, but he will wish that he could go back to do acts of obedience to Allah. May Allah have mercy on a man who does that which the disbeliever will wish he had done when he sees the punishment of Hell.”

The healthy heart

This is an extract from the book “Purification of the Souls”:

On the Day of Resurrection, only those who come to Allaah with a healthy heart will be saved. Allaah says:

“The Day when there will not benefit [anyone] wealth or children
 But only one who comes to Allah with a sound heart.” [Surat Ash-Shu’ara: 88-89]
In defining the healthy heart, the following has been said:
“It is a heart cleansed from any passion that challenges what Allaah commands, or disputes what He forbids. It is free from any impulses which contradict His good. As a result, it is safeguarded against the worship of anything other than Him, and seeks the judgement of no other except that of His Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم). Its service are exclusively reserved for Allaah, willingly and lovingly, with total reliance, relating all matters to Him, in fear, hope and sincere dedication. When it loves, its love is in the way of Allaah. If it detests, it detests in the light of what He detests. When it gives, it gives for Allaah. If it withholds, it withholds for Allaah. Nevertheless, all this will not suffice for its salvation until it is free from following, or taking as its guide, anyone  other than His Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم).”
A servant with a healthy heart must dedicate it to its journey’s end and not base his actions and speech on those of any other person except Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم). He must not give precedence to any other faith or words or deeds over those of Allaah and His Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم). Allaah says:
“O you who believe! Do not put (yourselves) forward before Allaah and His Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم), and fear Allaah. Verily! Allaah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing.” [Surat Al-Hujurat: 1]

Performing deeds for show (Riya’)

Allaah said:

“Verily, the hypocrites seek to deceive Allah, but it is He Who deceives them. And when they stand up for As-Salat (the prayer), they stand with laziness and to be seen of men, and they do not remember Allah but little.” [Surat An-Nisaa’: 142]

It is from the characteristics of the hypocrites to do deeds for show and not  for attaining the pleasure of Allaah. Riya’ is a grave sin, that one should guard himself from, by seeking the assistance of Allaah and continuing to renew his niyah (intention) so that it is completely sincere for the sake of Allaah.

The Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said:

“He who acts to show off, Allaah will disgrace him on the Day of Resurrection, and he who does good deeds so that people (may hold him in high esteem), Allaah will expose his hidden evil intentions before the people on the Day of Resurrection.” [Bukhari and Muslim]

Therefore Riya’ does nothing but harm the servant who performs deeds with it. Instead of impressing the people he will be exposed as a liar. He will not find the deeds that he performed in favour of him on the Day of Resurrection, and instead these “dead deeds” will be a source of grief for him.

A poet said:

“The garment of Riya’ (doing deeds for show) is transparent, revealing what is underneath it, so that, if you attire yourself with it, you are in reality naked.” [Quoted by Sheikh Muhammad Al Uthaymeen]

We seek refuge with Allaah from performing deeds with Riya’, and may the Salaah and Salaam of Allaah be upon the Final Messenger.

Refuge from four

The Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) used to say,

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنَ الأَرْبَعِ: مِنْ عِلْمٍ لَا يَنْفَعُ، وَمِنْ قَلْبٍ لَا يَخْشَعُ، وَمِنْ نَفْسٍ لَا تَشْبَعُ، وَمِنْ دُعَاءٍ لَا يُسْمَعُ

Allaahumma innee a`oothu bika minal-arba`, min `ilmin laa yanfa`, wa min qalbin laa yakhsha`, wa min nafsin laa tashba’u, wa min du`aa-in laa yusma`u

“O Allaah I seek Your refuge from four: from knowledge which does not benefit; from a heart which does not fear; from a soul which is never satisfied; and from a supplication which is not heard.”

[Collected by Ahmad, Aboo Daawood and others]

How bold they are…

“Those are they who have purchased error at the price of Guidance, and torment at the price of Forgiveness. So how bold they are (for evil deeds which will push them) to the Fire.” [Surat al-Baqarah: 175]

How short sighted we are. In this life, given a choice we almost always choose the way that has the least amount of harm in it. The way that is secure, free of risk, grief and sorrow. Yet for the hereafter, the permanent abode, we forget about ourselves. We do the deeds of the people of the Hell fire, still maintaining hope that we will not end up in it.

How beautifully accurate therefore is the description that Allaah gave above! It is boldness that drives us to this. We believe to be lords of our own selves, and Allaah’s refuge is sought. We follow every whim and desire that our soul inclines to and we exchange that which is good for that which is evil. The fact of the matter is that our demise can be caused by something as small as a mosquito.

“…And none knows the soldiers of your Lord except Him…” [Surat al Muddatthir: 31]

We are weak in mind and in body. Our minds are swayed by the whisperings of Shaytaan and our bodies are subjected to the evil consequences of following these whispers. We forget the permanent (the hereafter) and focus on the temporary (this worldly life), even though if a fraction of the pain prepared for the denizens of the Hell fire to be inflicted upon us we would be destroyed. We wrong ourselves and we will only see the result of this on the Day of Resurrection:

“And if Allah were to impose blame on the people for their wrongdoing, He would not have left upon the earth any creature, but He defers them for a specified term. And when their term has come, they will not remain behind an hour, nor will they precede [it].” [Surat an-Nahl: 61]

Again, how short sighted we are to our fate. Abu Hazim was asked:

“O Aba Hazim, why do we hate death?”. Abu Hazim said, “Because you have built up your Dunya (worldly life), and you have neglected and ruined your hereafter, therefore you hate to leave that for which you built up to go to that which you have ruined” [Taken from  the biography of Salama ibn Dinar]

Can the mansions of this life be compared to the mansions of Jannah? Can the pain of this life be compare to that of the Fire, whose fuel is men and stones? Yet our conditions remain such that we forget, except those whom Allaah has mercy upon.

We ask Allaah for rectification of our souls, protection against its evil and the tawfeeq (success) to do the righteous deeds of the people of Jannah, the most righteous deed being Tawheed (affirming the Oneness of Allaah in His Lordship, Names and Attributes and His right to be worshipped alone).May He help the Muslimeen turn back to Him and assist them against the disbelieving people. May He send His Salaah and Salaam upon the Final Messenger to mankind, his family, his companions and all those that follow their way until the Day of Recompense.

The virtue of those possessing knowledge

How virtuous are those that carry knowledge in their hearts, action on their limbs and sincerity to their Lord, Most High.

Knowledge is a means of the slave staying firm in the Deen of Allaah. The Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said regarding the tremedous virtue of the knowledgeable:

“The superiority of the scholar compared to that of the worshipper is like my superiority over the most inferior amongst you” 
[Narrated on the authority of Abu Umamah- found it At-Tirmidhi]

And he (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said:

“Allaah, His angels, the dwellers of the heaven and the earth, and even the ant in its hole and the fish (in water) supplicate in favour of those who teach people knowledge” 
[Same narration as above]

Allaah, the Ever-Living, placed the people of knowledge alongside Himself and the Angels, as those who bear witness of His Tawheed:

“Allah bears witness that La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), and the angels, and those having knowledge (also give this witness); (He is always) maintaining His creation in Justice. La ilah illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.” [Surat Aal-i-Imran: 18]

How high therefore is the status of the knowledgeable! They are honoured to be of those that bear witness along with the Noble Angels and the Lord of the Worlds. They have been described as the only ones that truly fear their Lord:

“…It is only those who have knowledge among His slaves that fear Allaah…” [Surat Fatir: 28]

They take care of the ‘ilm, they preserve their obligations and they warn others with sincerity when they see that a sin is being committed. It is with their presence that the ignorant are guided and with their absence that the knowledge will be stripped from the earth.

The Messenger of Allaah (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said:

“Allaah does not take away the knowledge, by taking it away from (the hearts) of people, but takes it away by the death of the religious learned men, till when none (of the religious learned men) remain, people will take as their leaders ignorant people who when consulted will give their verdict without knowledge. So they will go astray and will lead the people astray” [Sahih al-Bukhari]

May Allaah preserve our righteous scholars and grant us beneficial knowledge. May the Salaah and the Salaam be upon the Final Messenger.