Striving against oneself

Fadalah ibn Ubaid reported: I heard the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم saying:

The one who strives in the way of Allah the Exalted is he who strives against his soul.” {Saheeh At-Tirmidhi: 1621. Graded Saheeh by Sheikh Al-Albaani}

In explanation of this Hadeeth, Al-Mubarakpuri رحمه الله said:

“This means he conquers evil inclinations within himself and performs acts of obedience pleasing to Allah and he avoids acts of disobedience. This jihad is the foundation for all other types of jihad, for indeed, if he does not perform this struggle then he cannot struggle against external enemies.” {Sharh Sunan At-Tirmidhi: 1621}

Striving against the evil of oneself is no easy task. If we were to occupy ourselves with just conquering these evil inclinations and performing acts of obedience and distancing ourselves from acts of disobedience, indeed we would be firm enough to stand against any external enemies. As it stands we are so preoccupied with the dunya, satisfying our desires and focusing on the external that we neglect what is truly needed for our self and this in turn leads to the death of the heart as Ibn Al Qayyim رحمه الله states:

“The death of the heart is caused by the lack of reckoning oneself and following one’s desire.” {Al-Igaathah: Vol.1 Page: 157}

We know that if we do not rectify our selves that we will not gain the Aid of Allaah, yet in reality our actions do not reflect a true understanding of this fact.

“That is so because Allah will never change a grace which He has bestowed on a people until they change what is in their ownselves. And verily, Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower.” {Surat Al-Anfaal 8:53}

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When we rectify the deficiencies within ourselves, the effect reaches those around us; when we stop looking externally to make sense of the condition of the Ummah and instead look inside ourselves we will gain the good required to rectify the Ummah.

“To think of one’s deficiencies is the key to all the good. It disciplines the soul so that it can live harmoniously.” {Ibn Al-Qayyim. Al-Jawabul Kafi: 182}

The root of all good is At-Tawheed and the root of all evil is Shirk. It is therefore imperative that the ‘Aqeedah be rectified in order that the deeds are correct. Performing actions in abundance while one believes that Allaah is in everything, like some Sufis, or that He is nowhere, like the Asha’ira, makes these actions null and void. Allaah has stated numerous times in the Qur’an that He is above His Throne which is above the skies.

“The Most Beneficent (Allah) Istawa (rose over) the (Mighty) Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty).” {Surat Taha: 5}

It is only when tawheed is established that we can expect to reap its fruits. Once it is firm in our hearts, the limbs will perform actions in accordance. The Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

“Beware! There is a piece of flesh in the body if it becomes good (reformed) the whole body becomes good but if it gets spoilt the whole body gets spoilt and that is the heart.” {Saheeh Al-Bukhari: 52}

The Muslim, the true believer rectifies his heart first so that the actions of his limbs are accepted. In the well known hadeeth, A’ishah رضي الله عنها narrates:

“I said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, ‘And those who give that (their charity) which they give (and also do other good deeds) with their hearts full of fear.” [23:60] Is this the one who commits adultery, steals and drinks alcohol?’ He said: ‘No, O daughter of Abu Bakr’ – O daughter of Siddiq – rather it is a man who fasts and gives charity and prays, but he fears that those will not be accepted from him.’”

 This is the state of those who realise the gravity of their deeds and how important it is that they are accepted from him. The righteous one performs good while fearing that it will not be accepted, yet the corrupt one commits evil while hoping he will not be recompensed for it. This is why striving with heart and limb against the evil of one’s desire is such a great task and one that should not be taken to lightly. It is as Sheikh Al Mubarakpuri so beautifully states “…if he does not perform this struggle then he can not struggle against external enemies” (quote above)
الحمد لله رب العالمين
We ask Allaah for sincere deeds, done purely for His sake, that are accepted and for the strength and diligence required to constantly struggle against our own evils and the evils that the Shayateen present to us. May the peace and salutation be upon the Final Messenger, his companions and his family.

The Power of Doing- Part two

Find Part One here

“…O My servants, it is but your deeds that I account for you, and then recompense you for. So he who finds good, let him praise Allah, and he who finds other than that, let him blame no one but himself.”

We know then that our deeds are a reason for a good end or a bad end. They are the reason for our receiving mercy and entrance to Gardens of Bliss, or they are a reason for torment. The responsibility to act is on us, yet we are not and never will we be able to perform enough deeds to “deserve” entrance in to Paradise. It is but a mercy from Allaah as His Messenger صلى الله عليه و سلم said in the narration by Abu Huraira:

I heard Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) saying, “The good deeds of any person will not make him enter Paradise.” (i.e., None can enter Paradise through his good deeds.) They (the Prophet’s companions) said, ‘Not even you, O Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)?’ He said, “Not even myself, unless Allah bestows His favour and mercy on me.” So be moderate in your religious deeds and do the deeds that are within your ability: and none of you should wish for death, for if he is a good doer, he may increase his good deeds, and if he is an evil doer, he may repent to Allah.” {Saheeh Al-Bukhari: 5673}

It is clear from both hadeeth therefore that it is upon us to ask for guidance and strive in worship but it is Allaah that guides and facilitates us to perform deeds of righteousness:

O My servants, all of you are astray except those whom I have guided, so seek guidance from Me and I shall guide you.

We can not fathom the mercy of Allaah upon His slaves. He is more merciful to us than our mothers; He admits to Paradise those who fulfill His Covenant though He is Free of need. Were He to wish that every one of us went to the Fire then it would not be an injustice as He is the Creator. He recompenses based on our deeds, whether good or bad therefore it is upon us to act:

“So whosoever does good equal to the weight of an atom (or a small ant), shall see it.

And whosoever does evil equal to the weight of an atom (or a small ant), shall see it.” {Surat Az-Zalzalah 99:7-8}

These actions, whether large or small, must be in accordance to the Shariah, based on the Qur’an and the Sunnah and they must be for the sake of Allaah alone. It is not enough that an action has a good intention, seeking the pleasure of Allaah and His reward, but it is an innovation that neither the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم did, nor his companions, nor the righteous predecessors. The one that commits such an act is making the claim that either he is more knowledgeable about a deed which gets one closer to Allaah than the Messenger صلى الله عليه و سلم or that there is an action which the Messenger صلى الله عليه سلم concealed and only the “special Awliya” are aware of these acts. Both premises are dismissed as ignorance as the Messenger صلى الله عليه و سلم said:

“If anyone introduces in our matter something which does not belong to it, will be rejected”. {Agreed Upon}

And he صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

“I am leaving you upon a (path of) brightness whose night is like its day. No one will deviate from it after I am gone but one who is doomed. Whoever among you lives will see great conflict. I urge you to adhere to what you know of my Sunnah and the path of the Rightly-Guided Caliphs, and cling stubbornly to it. And you must obey, even if (your leader is) an Abyssinian leader. For the true believer is like a camel with a ring in its nose; wherever it is driven, it complies.” {Sunan Ibn Maajah: Book 1 H:45}

There is, therefore, only one way of action that will lead to Paradise and that is the way of the Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم. Any action that does not comply with his Sunnah is rejected. In the same way, if an act is from the Sunnah but it is dedicated to other than Allaah, or used to seek nearness to other than Allaah then it is rejected. The act may be small but the Noble Angels are recording. The All-Mighty is Ever-Watching and All-Knowing. He knows the actions of the limbs and the actions of the heart. The power of doing an action, is that be it small or large, difficult or easy, it will all add up on the scales. Mountains, after all, are made up of small stones.

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We can not expect to follow our desires at every turn and neglect the obligations of Allaah upon us and expect that we will not be recompensed accordingly. It is as Ibn-ul Qayyim رحمه الله said:

“The intelligent person perceives forbidden things like a delicious food, which contain fatal poison. Whenever its pleasure arouses his interest, the reality of the poison would push him away from it. Also, he perceives the orders of Allaah as bitter medicine that leads to good health and recovery.” {Al-Fawaa’id (pg. 232 eng. trans)}

Let us not be deceived by the adornments of this worldly life. Let our actions reflect those of the righteous in order that we receive Mercy from The Merciful. We must remember that:

“The Paradise is surrounded by hardships and the Hell-Fire is surrounded by temptations.” {Saheeh Muslim: 2822}

We must remember that both are closer than we anticipate as the Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

 “Jannah is nearer to anyone of you than your shoe-lace, and so is the (Hell) Fire”. {Saheeh Al-Bukhari: 6488}

May Allaah make our deeds those of righteousness, our hearts the hearts of the Muttaqeen and may He facilitate us towards evil and protect us from evil. May His Salaah and Salaam be upon the Final Messenger, his family, his companions and all those that follow them in goodness until the Day of Resurrection.

 

The End of Ramadhan…

… So to that I say تقبل الله منا ومنكم -May Allaah accept from us and from you.

While most Muslims world over are joyous over tomorrow’s Eid, here I sit, writing, with eyes swollen from tears. I didn’t get to fast this Ramadhan for medical reasons and I feel like I missed out so much this Blessed Month. I tried to stay busy with reading Qur’an and praying night prayers but still, I feel like… well, sad is all I can say.

I haven’t written in a long time despite needing to. I need to because this tiny blog of mine is a way for me to channel my need for study and research. I research the beautiful aspects of Islam so I can keep reminders here, primarily for me, and then for anyone reading to benefit. But the problem is that I haven’t taken the time to do that recently. Instead I busied myself, mainly just being a wife and mother and the never ending cycle of cooking/cleaning that this job entails, and I forgot myself. Now I find myself in darkness. My heart feels heavy and to be perfectly honest, dead. Knowledge is light and I used to be the girl that would study Islam from the very moment I woke up to when I went to sleep. It went to the way side as excepted when you get married and have children but just in the past few months have I noticed how much I need to return. Of course, there is no complete return when you’re a Mum but before Ramadhan, I would wake up at Fajr and study Arabic before everyone woke up and I was just a little content with the fact that I got a little quiet time, a little “me time” to study. I took it for granted and now I’m in a place I thought I would never return to.

When I first found Islam, in the truest sense of the word i.e the way of the Salaf, I was a new person. The old me struggled with depression and when I found Salafeyyah, I got through that without even realising it. Of course with any mental illness there were times I would go back to the destructive thought cycles but nothing, until recently, saw me at a point where I couldn’t dig myself out. Well, here I am, trying to crawl my way out of this black hole. Here I am, confessing my depression, and saying that, by the permission of Allaah, I will come out of it again. Because:

“Allah burdens not a person beyond his scope. He gets reward for that (good) which he has earned, and he is punished for that (evil) which he has earned” {2:286}

I pray that this hardship is an expiation for my many sins and I pray that the deeds I did during this Ramadhan are accepted by Allaah. I ask Allaah, by His Mercy, which encompasses everything, that He forgives me and allows me to fast next Ramadhan. May the peace and salutations of Allaah be upon the Final Messenger, his family, his companions and all those that follow them in righteousness until the Day of Judgement.

The Soul’s Aim

 

O blameworthy soul, does the promise of your Lord not suffice you? Do you not see that you are headed to Him with what you have done and what you neglected?

“O man! Verily, you are returning towards your Lord with your deeds and actions (good or bad), a sure returning, so you will meet (i.e. the results of your deeds which you did).”

Do you feel proud that you play in to the plan of Shaytaan with your every move? Do you not realize his treachery and his deception? He lures you to evil and you respond with no qualms about it.

“And Shaitan (Satan) will say when the matter has been decided: “Verily, Allah promised you a promise of truth. And I too promised you, but I betrayed you. I had no authority over you except that I called you, so you responded to me. So blame me not, but blame yourselves. I cannot help you, nor can you help me. I deny your former act in associating me (Satan) as a partner with Allah (by obeying me in the life of the world). Verily, there is a painful torment for the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.).” {Surat Ibrahim: 22}

Will it be worth it when the Trumpet is blown and the deeds are shown that you see you lived by a philosophy that you thought was oh-so original?

“And they say: “There is nothing but our life of this world, we die and we live and nothing destroys us except Ad-Dahr (the time). And they have no knowledge of it, they only conjecture.”{Surat Al-Jathiyah: 24}

The nations of old employed this philosophy long before you and do you see anything remaining of them? They said as you say and they perished.

“Do you see any remnants of them?” {Surat Al-Haqqah: 8}
Will you look back on your life and appreciate your disobedience?
“And (remember) the Day when the Zalim (wrong-doer, oppressor, polytheist, etc.) will bite at his hands, he will say: “Oh! Would that I had taken a path with the Messenger ( Muhammad SAW).”
Or will you beg to go back and change the records?
“Until, when death comes to one of them (those who join partners with Allah), he says: “My Lord! Send me back. So that I may do good in that which I have left behind!” No! It is but a word that he speaks, and behind them is Barzakh (a barrier) until the Day when they will be resurrected.” {Surat Al-Mu’minun: 99-100}
Do you think that you’re wealth, health and children are due to your own ability? Do you consider yourself lucky?
“Do they think that We enlarge them in wealth and children,
We hasten unto them with good things (in this worldly life so that they will have no share of good things in the Hereafter)? Nay, but they perceive not.” {Surat Al-Mu’minun: 55-56}
O blameworthy soul, you are lost in confusion. Aspire for what is with your Lord and aim your efforts toward it.

“(It will be said to the pious): “O (you) the one in (complete) rest and satisfaction! (An-Nafs Al-Mutmai’nna)

Come back to your Lord, Well-pleased (yourself) and well-pleasing unto Him!

Enter you, then, among My honoured slaves,

And enter you My Paradise!”

This is true success.

This should be the goal.

Paradise and the pleasure of your Lord.

 I ask that Allaah by His Beautiful Names and Perfect attributes that He makes us of those that are “Well-pleased (yourself) and well-pleasing unto Him!”. May He protect the Muslimeen and guide us to what is pleasing to Him. May the Salaah and Salaam of Ar-Rahman be upon the Final Messenger, his companions and all those that follow them in righteousness until the Day of Judgement.

Establish Tawheed and we will overcome our oppressors….

“The entire Qur’aan is centered around Tawheed”

Shaykh Saalih ibn ‘Abdillaah Al-Fawzaan

From his book Duroos min Al-Qur’aan Al-Kareem (p.5-11)

In the Name of Allaah, the All-Merciful, may His Salaah and Salaam be upon His final Messenger, to proceed…

Someone may say, and it actually has been said, “What is it with you that you always focus on tawheed and you talk so much about it?! And you don’t take into consideration the condition of the Muslims in our day and time, those who are being killed and caused to flee all over the earth, those being persecuted by the empires of disbelief in every place?!”

So we say, and with Allaah lies success:

Tawheed is the foundation upon which this upright religion has been built, so focusing on it means to focus on the very core itself. For if we were to reflect over the Noble Qur’aan we would find that it expounds on issues of tawheed repetitively, so much so that there does not exist a single soorah in the Qur’aan that does not mention tawheed, clarifying it and prohibiting what opposes it. It was Al-Imaam Ibn Al-Qayyim who pointed out that the entire Qur’aan is about tawheed, since it is only made up of the following:

* Information about Allaah and His Names and Attributes – This is the tawheed that we are to have knowledge of, called tawheed ar-ruboobiyyah.

* Commands to worship Allaah alone with no partners and prohibitions of worshipping other than Him – This is the tawheed that we must put into action, called tawheed al-uloohiyyah.

* Commands to obey Allaah and His Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) and prohibitions of disobeying Allaah and His Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) – These are the ways that tawheed is actualized and completed.

* Information about what Allaah has prepared for the people of tawheed, the delights, success, salvation, and triumphs in this life and the Next, and the punishments that are in store for the people of shirk in this life, and the eternal torture prepared for them upon their one-way entrance into the Hellfire – The first is for those who actualize tawheed, the latter is for those who do not. [1]

Therefore the entire Qur’aan is centered around tawheed. If you were to think about the soorahs revealed in Makkah, you would find that most of them focus entirely on tawheed. That is because the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) stayed in Makkah for 13 years calling to tawheed and warning against shirk. The vast majority of the religious obligations like zakaah, fasting, Hajj, the affairs of halaal and haraam, business transactions, etc. were not revealed until after the Hijrah to Al-Madeenah. The legislation of the prayer is an exception to this, as it was made an obligation while the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) was still in Makkah on the Night of Al-Mi’raaj, when he (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) was taken by night (to Jerusalem) [2], but that was only a short time before the Hijrah.

So the majority of the soorahs revealed before the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) made hijrah were focused entirely on tawheed, thus showing how truly important the subject is. Furthermore, the religious obligations were not revealed until tawheed was presented and established within the souls of the people, and the proper ‘aqeedah had taken root. For verily actions can not be correct except with tawheed, nor can they have other than tawheed as their foundation.

The Qur’aan has illustrated that the Messengers (‘alayhim As-Salaatu was-Salaam) all began their missions by inviting the people to tawheed before anything else, as Allaah says [3]:

”And We sent a messenger to every nation (proclaiming): ‘Worship Allaah and shun false deities!”

Allaah also says [4]:

”And We never sent any messenger before you, except that we revealed to him that ‘There is no deity worthy of worship except Me, so worship Me!”

And every prophet used to say to his people [5]:

”O my people – Worship Allaah as you have no other deity worthy of worship!”

So this was the affair of the messengers – they began with tawheed.

Similarly the callers and revivalists who followed the messengers used to begin by focusing on tawheed. That is because every single da’wah that is not built upon tawheed is a fruitless call that does not fulfill its purpose, and there is no positive result to it. Every da’wah that does not focus on tawheed is a lost call, with regards to its end results. This is something well known and seen all over.

On the other hand, every da’wah centered around tawheed is a truly successful call, by Allaah’s Permission, a call that benefits the society and bears many fruits. History bears witness to this.

So we are not neglecting the issues of the Muslims, rather we are very concerned about them. We are assisting them and trying to prevent every harm from reaching them using all our resources. It is not something light on us that the Muslims are being killed and exiled, but it is not true concern for the situation of the Muslims that we force ourselves to shed tears insincerely, or that we fill the world with speeches and writings, screaming and wailing… for verily this does not accomplish a thing.

Finding the real solution to the Muslims’ problems requires us to seek out the reasons that have led to the punishments afflicting the Muslims at the hands of their enemies.

What is causing the enemies of the Muslims to gain and hold authority over them?

When we look to the Muslim world, we do not see any serious commitment to Islaam with most of those who ascribe to it, except the few that Allaah has had Mercy on. What we see are Muslims by name only, the ‘aqeedah of most of them is lost. They worship other than Allaah, calling on saints and righteous people, clinging to graves and tombs, not establishing the prayer, not paying zakaah, not fasting, etc. They are not fulfilling the basic obligations Allaah asked of them, they are not even gathering their strength or preparing physically to fight the disbelievers! This is the case with the majority of those who ascribe themselves to Islaam – they have lost their religion, so Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, caused them to be lost.

The most significant factor that has led them to be subjected to these punishments is their heedlessness regarding affairs of tawheed and their falling into major shirk, to the point that they do not prohibit each other from it, nor do they even show any contempt for it! Those who do not fall into it themselves still condone it or do not consider it shirk. An explanation of this is forthcoming, in shaa’ Allaah. So know that this is the primary reason that the Muslims have been subjected to such punishments.

If they were to hold firmly to their religion, actualizing tawheed and establishing their ‘aqeedah upon the Book and the Sunnah, holding together to the Rope of Allaah, shunning division, then verily what has been allowed to befall them will not be allowed to befall them anymore, as Allaah says [6]:

”And verily Allaah will make those who aid His Cause victorious, for verily He is All-Powerful and Mighty. (They are) those who, when given power in the land, establish the prayer, pay zakaah, command what is good, and forbid what is evil, and with Allaah is the end result of all affairs.”

So Allaah has made it clear that victory will not be given to the Muslims unless they focus on what He mentioned – establishing the prayer, paying zakaah, commanding what is good, and forbidding what is evil.

Where are these affairs with the Muslims and their current situations today? Where is the establishment of the prayer by most of the Muslims? Or even more importantly, where is the correct ‘aqeedah for most of those who claim Islaam as their religion?!

Allaah says [7]:

”Allaah has promised those of you who believe and do righteous deeds that He will cause them to rule the earth just as He caused those who came before them to rule it, and He will grant them the ability to practice their religion, the one He chose for them, and He will change their fears into safety… ”

But where is the very first condition for this promise? [7]

” …they worship Me without ascribing a single partner to Me”

So He clarified that this gaining of authority and fortification will only come to pass when this condition is fulfilled – that they worship Him alone without any partners, and this is the essence of tawheed. These generously promised things will not be granted except to those who understand and apply tawheed, worshipping Allaah alone with no partners, with acts of worship including prayer, zakaah, Hajj, and all other acts of obedience.

Note that Allaah, Glorified and Exalted, did not say, “They worship Me,” only, rather He followed that up with His Statement [7]:

”…without ascribing a single partner to Me”

That is because worship is of no benefit with the presence of shirk. All forms of shirk must be avoided, no matter what shape, form, or name. Shirk simply means to perform an act of worship for other than Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic.

This is what brings about true salvation, safety, victory, and strength in the land – correcting the ‘aqeedah and then correcting the deeds. Without this, disasters and punishments will continue to befall whoever does not completely fulfill the condition (for Allaah’s Aid). Being conquered by the enemies is only the result of the Muslims not fulfilling this necessary condition, their lack of proper concern for their ‘aqeedah and Religion, and their contentment with carrying Muslim names and nothing more.

FOOTNOTES

[1] see Madaarijus-Saalikeen (3/468) for details

[2] as found in the mutawaatir narrations of (Al-Mi’raaj) the Night Journey, see the aahaad narration of Anas found in Al-Bukhaaree’s Chapter of Tawheed (Chapter 37, Hadeeth #7517) [13/583] and Muslim’s Chapter of Eemaan (Chapter 74, Hadeeth #162)

[3] the meaning of Soorah An-Nahl (16):36

[4] the meaning of Soorah Al-Anbiyaa’ (21):25

[5] the meaning of Soorah Al-A’raaf (7):95

[6] the meaning of Soorah Al-Hajj (22):41

[7] the meaning of Soorah An-Noor (24):55

Source

Hiding your sins is not from hypocrisy – Explained by Shaykh bin Baz

The following is a summary translation

Questioner: Broadcasting sins is consider a sin, while the hypocrite is the one whose hidden affair contradicts what is apparent, thus he is sinning. So how do we reconcile between the two? Meaning is it hypocrisy to hide the sins and display righteousness?

Shaykh bin Baz: It is obligatory upon the Muslim to screen himself with the screen of Allah and to not expose his/her sins. Rather if he/she commits a sin he covers himself with the screen of Allah and he repents to Allah. This is based upon the statement of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم:

كُلُّ أُمَّتِي مُعَافًى إِلَّا الْمُجَاهِرِينَ

All of my Ummah will be pardoned except for the Mujahirin (those who commit a sin openly or disclose their sins to the people)

He deemed them to be from those who would not be pardoned.

أُمَّتِي مُعَافًى إِلاَّ الْمُجَاهِرِينَ، وَإِنَّ مِنَ الْمَجَانَةِ أَنْ يَعْمَلَ الرَّجُلُ بِاللَّيْلِ عَمَلاً، ثُمَّ يُصْبِحَ وَقَدْ سَتَرَهُ اللَّهُ، فَيَقُولَ يَا فُلاَنُ عَمِلْتُ الْبَارِحَةَ كَذَا وَكَذَ

All of my Ummah will be pardoned except for the the Mujahirin (those who commit a sin openly or disclose their sins to the people). An example of such disclosure is that a person commits a sin at night and though Allah screens it from the public, then he comes in the morning, and says, ‘O so-and-so, I did such-and-such (evil) deed yesterday’

Thus it is obligatory upon the Muslim to cover himself with the screen of Allah and to not expose the sins, and he/she must repent to Allah.

If the sin is hidden it only harms the sinner, but if it is publicized and not disapproved of it hurts the general populace. Therefore it is upon the sinner to fear Allah and to hide his/her sins and to repent to Allah from the sin, and to struggle against his/her soul. And the sinner must not publicize his sins because publicizing the sins is a great evil. It gives courage to others to sins by following his/her example, and not giving concern to sins, and having very little shyness.

If he/she commits the sin in private he is more likely to repent, thus Allah will accept his/her repentance. And this is not from hypocrisy. Hypocrisy is to hide disbelief while displaying the religion; this is hypocrisy. We ask Allah for safety and security.

Translated by Rasheed ibn Estes Barbee
http://mtws.posthaven.com

Via: Salaf-us-Saalih

Beautiful Explanation of the Opening Supplication in Salah (Prayer)

After this, there occurs the opening supplication, which is optional, and states: “Subhaanak Allaahumma wa bia Hamdika. Wa Tabaarakasmuka wa Ta’aala Jadduka. Wa Laa ilaaha Ghayruka.” [Free from imperfections are You, O Allaah, and all praise is Yours. Blessed is Your Name, Glorified be Your Greatness, and there is no deity worthy of worship besides You]

The meaning of “Subhaanak Allaahumma” is: I absolve You from all imperfections in a manner that befits Your majesty. “Wa bi-Hamdika” i.e. while praising You. “Wa Tabaarakasmuka” i.e. blessing can be attained by mentioning You. “Wa Ta’aala Jadduka” i.e. Glorified be Your Greatness. “Wa Laa Ilaaha Ghayruka” i.e. There is nothing that has the right to be worshipped on earth or in heaven except You, O Allaah.

~ the explanation ~

The author, may Allaah have mercy on him, states here that the opening supplication is a recommended act. It is neither a pillar nor a recommended act. Rather it is supererogatory. He then went on to choose one version of the opening supplication, which is the shortest, amplest, and most comprehensive of these supplications from the perspective of praise, veneration and glorification of Allaah. And it is:“Subhaanak Allaahumma wa hi Hamdika. Wa Tabaarakasmuka wa Ta’aala Jadduka. Wa Laa Ilaaha Ghayruka.”

The great scholar Ibn Al-Qayyim listed a number of opening supplications in his book Zaad al-Ma’aad. But he preferred this supplication over the numerous other ones of this nature, some of which are longer. This is due to the fact that this concise supplication contains such praise, veneration and glorification for Allaah the likes of which cannot be found in other supplications. Other supplications consist more of requests and invocations whereas this one consists of (purely) glorification, honoring and exaltation (of Allaah).

The author then takes it upon himself to explain this supplication as well as what comes after it. The meaning of: “Subhaanak Allaahumma” is: “I absolve You, O Lord, in a manner that befits You, from all imperfections.”  This is an absolving that befits His majesty, and it is derived from the Qur’aan and the Sunnah.

The people are divided in their definitions of absolving Allaah from imperfections. Some people have defined it as negating Allaah’s Attributes, which is why the Jahmiyyah and Mu’tazilah have negated all of Allaah’s Attributes, claiming that they are removing imperfections from Allaah. The reason for this (according to them) is because if one affirms Attributes for Allaah, this leads to likening Allaah to His creation. So, according to them, freeing Allaah from imperfections can only be achieved by negating His Attributes.

The Ashaa’irah and the Matooridiyyah did the same with respect to the textual Attributes. The textual Attributes are those attributes for which the intellect plays no part in affirming. They are only affirmed by way of narrations and textual proofs. According to the understanding of the Ashaa’irah, affirming these attributes literally goes against removing imperfections from Allaah. So as a result they resorted to taweel (misinterpretation). They did not negate the Attributes as others did. Rather, they claimed that what was literally stated in these texts was not what Allaah intended. So therefore, interpreting them them with other than their literal meanings is binding based on the claim of removing imperfections from Allah.

You will notice that everyone who negates or distorts the meaning of Allaah’s Attributes claims to be removing imperfections from Allaah by what they do. When the first group negated Allaah’s Attributes, they did not intend disrespect for Allaah. Rather, according to their claim, they only intended to remove imperfections from Him. But where is this removal of imperfections? They went astray in this regard. Why did they go astray? Because they looked for guidance in other than Allaah’s Book. Whoever searches for guidance in other than the Book of Allaah and in other than what the Messenger brought, will no doubt go astrayThis is a principle. Whoever looks for guidance and truth in other than what the Messenger of Allaah came with will be misguided as recompense for turning away (from the Qur’aan and the Sunnah). This is since guidance, correctness and truth is restricted to only that which the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) brought.

If we want to know the true manner of removing Allaah, from imperfections in a manner that befits His majesty, we should read Allaah’s statement: “There is nothing like Him (in comparison), and He is the All Hearer, the All-Seer.” [Surah Ash-Shooraa: 11]

Is there a greater example of removing imperfections from Allaah than this? Allaah affirms Attributes for Himself but negates any comparisons in those Attributes that He has affirmed. This is what is meant by tanzeeh (removing imperfections from Allaah). It is that you affirm for Him what He has affirmed for Himself from complete Attributes, perfect Names and flawless Actions.

Affirm for Him what He has affirmed for Himself. Then negate any comparisons to what He has affirmed (for Himself) since no one can desribe Allaah who is more knowledgeable than Him. Also affirm for what His trusted Messenger has described Him with and negate my comparisons to what he (peace be upon him) has affirmed, since no one can describe Allaah from His creation who is more knowledgeable than Allaah’s Messenger (peace be upon him).

This is how Allaah has guided the people of truth and the callers to truth. So they know how to remove imperfections from Allaah without negating His Attributes, distorting their meaning, making comparisons to them or likening them to His creation. This is the point the author is trying to make when he says: “I absolve You from alt imperfections, my Lord, in a manner that befits You.” This is the type of removing of imperfections from Allaah that befits His majesty, which has been derived from the Qur’an and the Sunnah.

“Wa bi-Hamdika” means: “while praising You.” So this consists of removing imperfections from Allaah while at the same time praising Him. But on the other hand, if you have negated Allaah’s Perfect Attributes, how can you then praise Him?! If you have negated the Attribute of Mercy from Allaah, how can you praise Him? You say that it is impossible for Allaah to have Mercy and that Love is something impossible for Allaah. He is neither loved nor does He love. How then can you praise him when you negate Mercy from Him?

You heard previously the qudsee hadeeth about Al-Faatihah in which it is stated: “And when the servant says: Ar-Rahmaan-ir-Raheem‘, Allaah says: ‘My servant has extolled Me.” As for the one who negates the Attribute of Mercy from Allaah, it is not possible for Him to praise Allaah, since praising Allaah can only be achieved through His exemplary Names, Attributes, and Actions.

“Wa Tabaarakusmuka” means: Blessing is achieved by mentioning You. Your Name is removed from any imperfections and blessing is achieved through mention of Your Name. This is how the author (Muhammad bin Abdil-Wahhaab) has explained it.

“Wa Ta’aala jadduka” means: Glorified be Your greatness grandness. The word “jadd” here takes on the meaning of grandness and self sufficiency. So it means: “Glorified be Your Grandness and self-sufficiency.”

This means that: “No one on earth or in heaven is worshipped with due right except for You, O Allaah.” The phrase “with due right” must be mentioned when explaining the meaning of “Laa Ilaaha illaaAllaah. You must include “due right” or “rightfully” or else the meaning will be wrong. If you were to say: “There is no one worshipped in the heavens or on the earth except for You” we would be contradicting reality since those who are worshipped are many. But the one who is worshipped after all others have been negated is the One who is worshipped in truth or with “due right.”

There is no one worshipped on earth or in heaven with due right except for You. As for those who are worshipped in the heavens and the earth, the worship of them is futile and invalid. The sun and the moon are worshipped but worshiping them is invalid. Trees are worshipped. Many of the large trees with many branches (known as dawhaat) are still worshipped today. This goes also for stones, tombs and shrines. The worship of these things is futile.

This also applies to the worship of Jinn and the worship of graves. Every time something is worshipped, it becomes known as a “god” according to the language. It is not called Allaah, but rather a “false” god. The term “god” is general and encompasses the One who is worshipped with due right as well as those that are worshipped wrongfully. The word “Allaah” is specifically reserved for the One who is worshipped with due right – the Creator of the heavens and the earth. Them is no one worshipped in the heavens or the earth (with due right)except for you, O Allaah.

Taken from the Book “An Explanation of ‘The Conditions, Pillars and Requirements of Prayer” Published by al-ibaanah – Explained by Shaykh Muhammad Amaan al Jaami (rahimahullaah) and Shaykh Abdul Muhsin al-Abbaad (hafidhahullaah). You are encouraged to buy this Beautiful Book.

Source: Salaf-us-Saalih