The angel waits…


Abu Umamah (رضي الله عنه ) narrated the Messenger of Allah (صلي الله عليه وسلم) said,

“The companion (Angel) on the left lifts his pen for six hours for the Muslim slave that errs or sins. If this slave repents and seeks Allah’s forgiveness for that error or sin, the Angel doesn’t record it. And if the slave doesn’t ask Allah for forgiveness, the Angel records it once”

Collected by At-Tabarani in Kabir (7667), Abu Na’eem in Hilya (6/124), Al-Bayhaqi in Shu’ib (6788). Shaykh Al-Albani graded this hadeeth as being Hasan in Saheehah (1209)

Source: http://salaf-us-saalih.com/2011/05/12/the-recording-angel-on-the-left-waits/

Note from myself:

Allaah mentions in the Qur’aan:

“Allah accepts only the repentance of those who do evil in ignorance and foolishness and repent soon afterwards; it is they to whom Allah will forgive and Allah is Ever All-Knower, All-Wise.

And of no effect is the repentance of those who continue to do evil deeds until death faces one of them and he says: “Now I repent;” nor of those who die while they are disbelievers. For them We have prepared a painful torment.” {Surat An-Nisaa:17-18}

Ibn Kathir’s exegis on these ayaat are as follows:

Allah states that He accepts repentance of the servant who commits an error in ignorance and then repents, even just before he sees the angel who captures the soul, before his soul reaches his throat. Mujahid and others said, “Every person who disobeys Allah by mistake, or intentionally is ignorant, until he refrains from the sin.” Qatadah said that Abu Al-`Aliyah narrated that the Companions of the Messenger of Allah used to say, “Every sin that the servant commits, he commits out of ignorance.” `Abdur-Razzaq narrated that, Ma`mar said that Qatadah said that, the Companions of the Messenger of Allah agreed that every sin that is committed by intention or otherwise, is committed in ignorance.” Ibn Jurayj said, “Abdullah bin Kathir narrated to me that Mujahid said, `Every person who disobeys Allah (even willfully), is ignorant while committing the act of disobedience.”’ Ibn Jurayj said, “`Ata’ bin Abi Rabah told me something similar.” Abu Salih said that Ibn `Abbas commented, “It is because of one’s ignorance that he commits the error.” `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas said about the Ayah,

﴿ثُمَّ يَتُوبُونَ مِن قَرِيبٍ﴾

(and repent soon (afterwards)), “Until just before he (or she) looks at the angel of death.” Ad-Dahhak said, “Every thing before death is `soon ﴿afterwards﴾.”’ Al-Hasan Al-Basri said about the Ayah,

﴿ثُمَّ يَتُوبُونَ مِن قَرِيبٍ﴾

(and repent soon afterwards), “Just before his last breath leaves his throat.” `Ikrimah said, “All of this life is `soon ﴿afterwards﴾.”’ Imam Ahmad recorded that Ibn `Umar said that the Messenger said,

«إِنَّ اللهَ يَقْبَلُ تَوْبَةَ الْعَبْدِمَالَمْ يُغَرْغِر»

(Allah accepts the repentance of the servant as long as the soul does not reach the throat.) This Hadith was also collected by At-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah, and At-Tirmidhi said, “Hasan Gharib”. By mistake, Ibn Majah mentioned that this Hadith was narrated through `Abdullah bin `Amr. However, what is correct is that `Abdullah bin `Umar bin Al-Khattab was the narrator. Allah said,

﴿فَأُوْلَـئِكَ يَتُوبُ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِمْ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ عَلِيماً حَكِيماً﴾

(It is they to whom Allah will forgive and Allah is Ever All-Knower, All-Wise.) Surely, when hope in continued living diminishes, the angel of death comes forth and the soul reaches the throat, approaches the chest and arrives at the state where it is being gradually pulled out, then there is no accepted repentance, nor a way out of that certain end. Hence Allah’s statements,

﴿وَلَيْسَتِ التَّوْبَةُ لِلَّذِينَ يَعْمَلُونَ السَّيِّئَـتِ حَتَّى إِذَا حَضَرَ أَحَدَهُمُ الْمَوْتُ قَالَ إِنِّى تُبْتُ الاٌّنَ﴾

(And of no effect is the repentance of those who continue to do evil deeds until death faces one of them and he says: “Now I repent,”)

{End quote}

What should be noted here is the vast mercy of Allaah. The fact that He decreed that the Angel that records the sin waits for the slave to repent shows how the slave is given an opportunity to redeem himself through quick repentance after his sin so that he will not be faced with it on the Day of Judgement. The Prophet (ﷺ) said:

“Allaah, the Exalted, and Glorious said: ‘A slave committed a sin and he said: O Allaah, forgive my sin,’ and Allaah said: ‘My slave committed a sin and then he realized that he has a Rabb Who forgives the sins and punishes for the sin.’ He then again committed a sin and said: ‘My Rabb, forgive my sin,’ and Allaah said: ‘My slave committed a sin and then realized that he has a Rabb Who forgives his sin and punishes for the sin.’ He again committed a sin and said: ‘My Rabb, forgive my sin,’ and Allaah said: ‘My slave has committed a sin and then realized that he has a Rabb Who forgives the sin or takes (him) to account for sin. I have granted forgiveness to my slave. Let him do whatever he likes”. {Agreed upon}

The statement ‘Let him do whatever he likes’ relates to the slave that sins and truly repents following it, with all the conditions of repentance. Meaning if this was his case then he could do as he wishes because his condition is such that he will always seek forgiveness and therefore be forgiven.

SubhanAllaah! May Allaah forgive us and our families and the Muslimoon. May His Salaah and Salaam be upon His final Messenger.

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