Al-Sidq- Truthfulness


‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ud narrated  that the Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:

“Truth leads to piety and piety leads to Jannah. A man persists in speaking the truth till he is enrolled with Allaah as a truthful. Falsehood leads to vice and vice leads to the Fire (Hell), and a person persists on telling lies until he is enrolled as a liar” {Agreed upon}

And in the narration in At-Tirmidhi, he (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:

“Abide by truthfulness. For indeed truthfulness leads to righteousness. And indeed righteousness leads to Paradise. A man continues telling the truth and trying hard to tell he truth until he is recorded with Allaah as a truthful person. Refrain from falsehood. For indeed falsehood leads to the wickedness, and wickedness leads to Fire. A slave (of Allaah) continues lying and trying hard to lie, until he is recorded with Allaah as a liar.” {Sahih}

Sheikh Ibn Uthaymeen said in his explanation of Riyadhus Saaliheen, in regards to Al-Sidq:

“Honesty: The original meaning is: to comply with actual news (or event). And it is about the news/information that is being conveyed. So if one communicates news about something and this news is in accordance with the actual event then, it is said: “it is true”. Example: (if it is Sunday) and the person says: Today is Sunday. Then this news is true because the day is Sunday. But if someone says it is Monday, then this news is false.

 

So if the news is in accordance with the actual incident then it is true; and when it opposes the incident then it is false. Truthfulness can be in speech as well as in actions.

 

Truthfulness in actions: It is when the internal (feeling) of a person is similar to his outer (reaction); so that if he does something, then it should be in accordance with what is in his heart.

 

Example: The show-off is not truthful, because he pretends in front of the people to be religious whereas he is not.

 

The Mushrik (the one who associates partners) with Allaah is not truthful, because he pretends to be upon Tawheed whereas he is not.

 

The hypocrite is not truthful because he pretends to have faith whereas he is not a believer.

 

The Mubtadi` (the innovator in religion) is not truthful because he pretends to be following (the Sunnah of) the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم whereas he is not a follower.

The important thing (to understand) is that truthfulness is in accordance with the actual event, and it is one of the characteristics of the Believers. And its opposite is falsehood, and it is one of the characteristics of the hypocrites – and Allaah’s refuge is sought.” {End quote from the Sheikh- Source:Ilm 4 All

Allaah said:

“O you who believe! Be afraid of Allaah, and be with those who are true (in words and deeds).” {Surat At-Tawbah: 119}

Ibn Kathir said about this ayah:

“The Ayah says, adhere to and always say the truth so that you become among its people and be saved from destruction. Allaah will make a way for you out of your concerns and a refuge. Imam Ahmad recorded that `Abdullah bin Mas`ud said that the Messenger of Allaah (صلى  الله عليه وسلم) said:

“Abide by truthfulness. For indeed truthfulness leads to righteousness. And indeed righteousness leads to Paradise. A man continues telling the truth and trying hard to tell he truth until he is recorded with Allaah as a truthful person. Refrain from falsehood. For indeed falsehood leads to the wickedness, and wickedness leads to Fire. A slave (of Allaah) continues lying and trying hard to lie, until he is recorded with Allaah as a liar.” {The narration quoted above}” {Tafsir Ibn Kathir}

May Allaah make the Muslimeen firm on the word of truth and make us practise and teach these values. May His Salah and Salam be upon the Final Messenger, his companions, his wives and all those that follow them in righteousness until the Day of Judgement.

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