Stories of the past

Allaah (سبحانه و تعالى) said:

” Indeed in their stories, there is a lesson for men of understanding. It (the Qur’aan) is not a forged statement but a confirmation of that which was before it and a detailed explanation of everything and a guide and a mercy for the people who believe.” [Surat Yusuf: 111]

Ibn Kathir (رحمه الله), the great mufassir, said regarding this Ayah:

“Allaah states here that the stories of the Messengers and their nations and how we saved the believers and destroyed the disbelievers are,

(عِبْرَةٌ لاوْلِى الأَلْبَـبِ)

(a lesson for men of understanding), who have sound minds,

(مَا كَانَ حَدِيثًا يُفْتَرَى)

(It is not a forged statement.) Allaah says here that this Qur’aan could not have been forged; it truly came from Allah,

(وَلَـكِن تَصْدِيقَ الَّذِى بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ)

(but a confirmation of that which was before it) in reference to the previously revealed Divine Books, by which this Qur’an testifies to the true parts that remain in them and denies and refutes the forged parts that were added, changed and falsified by people. The Qur’an accepts or abrogates whatever Allaah wills of these Books,

( وَتَفْصِيلَ كُلِّ شَىْءٍ)

(and a detailed explanation of everything) Meaning the allowed, the prohibited, the preferred and the disliked matters. The Qur’aan deals with the acts of worship, the obligatory and recommended matters, forbids the unlawful and discourages from the disliked. The Qur’aan contains major facts regarding the existence and about matters of the future in general terms or in detail. The Qur’aan tells us about the Lord, the Exalted and Most Honoured, and about His Names and Attributes and teaches us that Allaah is glorified from being similar in any way to the creation. Hence, the Qur’aan is,

(هُدًى وَرَحْمَةً لِّقَوْمٍ يُؤْمِنُونَ)

(a guide and a mercy for the people who believe.) with which their hearts are directed from misguidance to guidance and from deviation to conformance, and with which they seek the mercy of the Lord of all creation in this life and on the Day of Return. We ask Allaah the Most Great to make us among this group in the life of the present world and in the Hereafter, on the Day when those who are successful will have faces that radiate with light, while those whose faces are dark will end up with the losing deal…” [Tafsir Ibn Kathir]


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