Guidance and Knowledge


(These are notes from one of my lessons, may Allaah bless my teacher and reward him for any benefit that comes from those that read this)

إن الحمد لله, نحمده و نستعينه و نستغفره, و نعوذ با الله من شرور أنفسنا و من سيئات أعمالنا, من يهده الله فلا مضل له, و من يضلل فلا هادي له, و أشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له, و أشهد أن محمد ( صلى الله عليه و سلم) عبده و رسوله
“Verily all praise is due to Allaah, we praise Him, we seek His help, and we ask for His forgiveness. We seek refuge with Allaah from the evil of our selves, and from the evil of our bad deeds. Whomsoever Allaah guides none can lead astray, and whomsoever He allows to go astray none can guide, and I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah alone, with no partner, and I bear witness that Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم) is His servant and messenger.”

Within Khutbatul Haja is the most expensive treasure; it is the guidance of Allaah سبحانه و تعالى.

“من يهده الله فلا مضل له” Whomsoever Allaah guides, none can lead astray; this guidance cannot have a price put on it. It is the most beautiful thing a person can possess, better than all the fancy cars, houses and gadgets one can purchase.

And also in this khutbah is the worst thing; “و من يضلل فلا هادي له” This is misguidance. Allaah says:

“Verily, those who disbelieved, and died while they were disbelievers, the (whole) earth full of gold will not be accepted from anyone of them even if they offered it as a ransom. For them is a painful torment and they will have no helpers.” [Surat Aali Imraan:91]

On the day of resurrection people will want to ransom themselves, their families and the entire earth full of gold to be saved from this misguidance. Anas (رضي الله عنه) narrates that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said:

“Allaah will say to the person of the (Hell) fire who will receive the least punishment, ‘If you had everything on the earth, would you give is as a ransom to free yourself?’ He will say ‘Yes’. Then Allaah will say ‘While you were in the backbone of Adam, I asked you for much less than this, i.e. not to worship others besides Me, but you insisted on worshipping others besides Me’”[1]

The place of guidance is in the heart and undoubtedly no one can guide the hearts of the people except Allaah.

“Verily! You (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم)) guide not whom you like, but Allaah guides whom He wills. And He knows best those who are guided” [Surat Al Qasas:56]

The people are of three types:

· One who learns from the mistakes of others and this is the smart one
· One who learns from his own mistakes and this is the normal one
· One who does not learn from the mistakes of others or of his own and this is the one in clear error

What is important at the end of your life is to be of the first type, and if you are from the second then to make sure you repent for your sins.

We must realise that Allaah created us for one purpose and one purpose alone:

“And I (Allaah) did not create jinn and mankind except to worship Me” [Surat Adh-dhariyaat:56]

Among the sayings of the scholars is:
“O son of Adam there is no time to play” and
“He who wants to leave this work for one hour, let him leave this hour” i.e. if a person doesn’t want to worship Allaah alone, then they have no purpose in life therefore their life is worthless. There are those people, that when you ask them “Are you happy?” they cannot find it in themselves to say ‘yes’ because they are so depressed; they have lost the goal in life and they have travelled away from guidance.

“And whoever turns away from My remembrance- indeed he will have a depressed life…” [Surat Taha:124]

So thank Allaah if you are of those who are learning, teaching, worshipping. Because guidance is a blessing, it is the greatest gift, and Allaah can take away any of the gifts He has blessed us with in a second. Just as He can take away our sight, hearing and ability to speak, Allaah can take away the light of guidance from our hearts.

The Messenger of Allaah (صلى الله عليه و سلم) showed us the importance of seeking knowledge; it is a way to stay firm, and in the time we are currently living in a person cannot stay firm unless he seeks knowledge. He (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said:

“There are two types of people who never get full; one who runs after dunya (the worldly life) and one who runs after knowledge”.[2]

If you are from those who feels they cannot go a day without learning, and wanting to seek knowledge then thank Allaah. We see those who run after the dunya, they are never full. For example the German billionaire Adolf Merckle who committed suicide after his ranking on the list of the world’s richest men dropped to number 94. These people have nothing but the dunya, and when it slips from their fingers they have nothing. And then we see the life of Imaam Muslim; the man from whom every single scholar quotes his ahadith. Imaam Muslim died in the way of Ilm (knowledge). He died while looking for a hadith of the Messenger of Allaah (صلى الله عليه و سلم). Look at the difference between the seeker of knowledge and the seeker of this transient life.

There is a poem of one of the scholars which reads: “I spend my night between books and pens, and you spend your night laughing and dancing and yet you want to reach me”.

Allaah will undoubtedly give a greater reward to the one who strives to seek knowledge of His Deen. Can you compare the Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) with the least Sahaabi? No doubt there is no comparison. The Messenger of Allaah (صلى الله عليه و سلم):

“The superiority of the scholar compared to that of the worshipper is like my superiority over the most inferior amongst you”[3]

This is where ‘Ilm will get you. Your rank will be raised to such a degree that:

“Allaah, His angels, the dwellers of the heaven and the earth, and even the ant in its hole and the fish (in water) supplicate in favour of those who teach people knowledge”[4]

Al Aajuri said:

“Verily Allaah chose from His creation those whom He loves, so He guided them to Eeman, then He chose from the rest of the believers, he whom He loves, and He taught them the book and wisdom. And He gave them fiqh in the deen, the understanding of Qur’aan and hadith, and this is in all times. He increased their status with ‘Ilm, and He has beautified them to be forbearing and patient. By them people know halaal (permissible) from haraam (forbidden), haqq (truth) from baatil (falsehood), good from bad and the beautiful from the ugly. Their virtue is great, they are the inheritors of the prophets. The fish in the sea make istighfar (ask forgiveness) for them, the angels open their wings for them. Sitting with them increases your wisdom, and by their work, those who take heed, remember. They are better than the worshippers. Their life is winning, and their death is a calamity.”

Who are these people? They are the Ulamaa’ (Scholars) – the people of ‘ilm; those that benefit others with their ‘ilm.

Mu’awiyah narrates that the Messenger of Allaah (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said:

“When Allaah intends good for someone, He bestows upon him the true understanding (fiqh) of the Deen”[5]

Ibn Al Qayyim said that this is a sign that the one whom Allaah does not give fiqh in the religion, then Allaah does not intend good for him. Al Hasan al Basri said that there are two types of ‘ilm: inside hearts and on the tongue. The ‘ilm inside the heart is the good ‘ilm, and the one on the tongue is a hujja (proof) against you. So a person may have ‘ilm in his heart, though he doesn’t express it explicitly, but then you have those that spread their ‘ilm on their tongue but is not present on their hearts.

We thank Allaah that Allaah has blessed us to guidance. Glad tidings to those who spend their lives learning and teaching; may Allaah make us one of them. We must remember that the hearts are between the two fingers of Ar-Rahmaan, He turns them however He wills. So make sure that you pursue the road of ‘Ilm; make sure that you work with what you learn, keep it in your heart in a way that it shows the effect on the outside, and not just on the tongue.

There is a saying of the scholars:
“People think good of us, and Allaah knows about us, he is Qaadir on us, (has His ability on us). And how much have people seen us, spoken well about us, and we need to be beaten over the people speaking well of us. In front of people we have good speech, and if we are alone we start committing sins.” We will all be asked by Allah, about our knowledge and how we used it; so do not be like the one that only calls on Allaah in times of distress then at ease, is heedless. We need to be good with this ‘ilm and spread it in a way that is best.

 

May Allaah grant us the ‘Ilm of His Deen and may the Salaah and the Salaam be on the Final Messenger.

 

__________________________________

[1] Sahih Al-Bukhari English reference: Vol 4, Book 55, H 551. Arabic reference: Book 60, H 3369
[2] At-Tabari and Bayhaqi
[3]At-Tirmidhi. Narrated by Abu Umamah
[4] Same narration as above
[5] Bukhaari and Muslim

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